The City of York - One of the major cities of the world
Click here for links to a number of local
York was founded by the Romans in 71 AD and soon became a major
military installation of the British Province. Several Roman Emperors
based themselves at York, and Constantine the Great was proclaimed
Emporor in York.York expanded to become a major social, economic,
military and political centre of the Roman Empire.
After the fall of Rome,in the 5th Century, the area was invaded
by Anglian settlers who founded a Kingdom centred on the city
of Eoforwic, which became a centre of great learning whose influences
spread throughout Europe . In the 7th Century Paulinus founded
a small Minster on the site of the previous Roman Headquarters,
which after several periods of rebuilding over hundreds of years
became the magnificent building we see today.
In the 8th and 9th Century , Viking incursions led to the establishment
of a Viking Kingdom with York as its capital, and in its heyday
York was one of the cultural jewels of the Viking civilisation.
After the Norman conquest, York was destroyed but soon recovered
to become one of the powerful mediavel cities of the land, having
in common with London its own mayor ( later Lord Mayor) and Sheriff.
In the 18th century, the former glories of York were fading ,
but were revived as York became the centre of high society and
entertainment, and in the 19th century, George Hudson, the Railway
King, made his city the centre of a hub of railways that revived
the former propsperity of the City.
Today , York is a vibrant ,pulsating place, sure of its place
at the centre of European cultural history and development.
Local attractions and links
Provided below is just a small selection of the wonderful visitor
attractions, museums and buildings you can see during your stay
in York and the surrounding area.
York Minster - The largest
medieval cathedral outside Italy
Walls - The thirteenth century stone walls and gates of the
Margaret Clitheroe’s shrine - The house of a martyred
Multangular Tower – a part of the Roman defences still
standing 25 feet high
Hall - magnificent medieval Guildhall
- a medieval street virtually unchanged for 600 years
Fairfax House - A
beautifully restored Georgian Town House
Mansion House – Residence of the Rt Hon the Lord Mayor,
a member of the Privy Council
- A uniquely designed stone keep of the medieval castle- a site
of pilgrimage for jews because of the massacre that occurred there.
- A well preserved Georgian Street
Lady's Row - The oldest surviving row of houses in England
Roman Bath - A public house where the Roman Baths can be visited
The National Railway Museum
- Locomotives and rolling stock from 1840 onwards
Castle Museum - a collection of everyday objects and recreated
The Jorvik Museum
- The streets of Viking York recreated on original site
Yorkshire Museum – a major regional museum with Roman
DIG - an archaeological
museum where artefacts from all periods can be handled
The Museum of Farming
- A museum of Yorkshire farm history
City Art Gallery - A well stocked broad ranging collection
The Bar Convent Museum
– The history of Catholicism in the North of England
Castle Howard -
One of England's grandest Baroque mansions
Harewood House - St Petersburg
palace on a Yorkshire hill